Lion Facts

Lion restingThe lion’s roar can be heard for up to 5 miles / 8 km!

Lions are the only member of the cat species that can be considered a sociable animal, living in small groups of around 15 animals known as a ‘pride’.

Lions can run at around 50MPH although they cannot maintain this for more than short distances.

Only male lions have a mane.

A lion is normally fully grown at around 5 to 6 years old and has a life expectancy of around 13 years.

Lions can leap over 35 feet!

The lion used to be found throughout Africa but is now confined to the sub-Saharan areas. Only a small number of lions remain in India.

The lion is a carnivore and its diet includes anything from birds, reptiles and small mammals to zebra, giraffe, wildebeest and impala amongst other larger animals. Lions have been known to hunt rhinos and hippos and even elephants when their more usual diet is thin on the ground. As much as half of their food is taken from other animals – lions will often steal kills made by other carnivorous animals.

Lions typically hunt their prey in small teams and the vast majority of the hunting is carried out by female pride members. The prey will typically be encircled by the hunting lions and then ambushed and brought down by one or more of them.

Within the pride, lions are quite tactile and playful and will often be found grooming and licking each other.

Females give birth to 2-4 babies (cubs) per litter, around 3.5 months after conception.

Lion cubs are vulnerable to attack from animals such as hyenas, whereas the adult lion’s only real predator is mankind.

Lions can go 4-5 days without water as they are able to obtain a good amount of moisture from their diet.

An adult male lion stands around 1.2m (4ft) high and can weigh up to 250Kg.